The ability to act of the individual is closely linked to his suitability to take care of his own interests, in this sense different are the instruments of protection that our system has set up to protect partially or totally incapable persons.
Support administration: the support management institute was introduced by law n. 6 of 2004, a measure called to offer adequate protection to persons unable to provide for their own interests due to a state of infirmity, even partial or temporary or of physical or mental impairment.
In the cases described above, the beneficiary of the measure of the support administration retains a limited capacity to act for all acts that do not require the assistance or representation of the support administrator appointed by the tutelary judge.
Disability: governed by art. 415 of the Civil Code, incapacitation represents a legal situation resulting from particular physical and mental conditions of the subject (infirmity of habitual and non-serious mind, prodigality, abuse of alcoholic beverages or drugs) such as to determine, in favor of the disabled person, the appointment of a trustee called not to replace but to integrate, limited to the interests of a patrimonial nature, the will of the disabled.
Interdiction: the judicial interdiction (Article 414 of the Civil Code) detects in the cases in which a subject is affected by habitual infirmity, and therefore declared, with sentence, unable to provide for his own interests.
The tutelary office supervises the tutelary judge, who provides for the appointment of the guardian, who is called to carry out all the ordinary administration deeds for the maintenance of the interdict and the acts exceeding the ordinary administration with the authorization of the aforesaid judge, and of the protector, who represents the interdict when the interest of him is in contrast with that of the guardian and performs the conservative and urgent acts of administration if the guardian is missing.